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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 1999  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 493-497
Short-tem Post Renal Trasplant Follow-up at Madinah Al Munawarah


Department of Nephrology, King Fahad Hospital, Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Bassam Bernieh
Department of Nephrology, King Fahad Hospital, Madinah Al Munawarah
Saudi Arabia
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PMID: 18212455

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We reviewed the records of the renal transplant patients followed at our hospital to determine short-term outcome and complications. Sixty-five renal transplant patients, follow­up for two years were included in this study. Of these patients 40 (61.5%) were males, 33 (50.7%) were Saudis with mean age of 37.2 ± 11.7 years. Donors were living related (LRD) in 23 (35%), living non-related (LNRD) in 27 (42%) and cadaveric (CAD) in 15 (23%). Thirty­two transplants were carried out at Medinah, 21 in India and the rest in other centers inside Saudi Arabia. Immunosuppression was based on a triple therapy (Cyclosporin, Azathioprine, and Prednisone). At two years, 52 (80%) patients were alive, with functioning graft in 31 (58%). Causes of death among 13 patients (11 LNRD & 2 CAD) were infections in 7 (54%), immediate post transplant in three (22.7%), acute myocardial infarction in two (15.7%), CVA in one (7.6%). Complications encountered were acute rejection (23 episodes) in 18 923.6%) patients, infections in 19 (25%), chronic rejection in 16 (21.5%), surgical in 13 917.1%), diabetes mellitus in 5 (6.5%) primary non-function in three (3.8%) and Kaposi Sarcoma in two (2.4%). Twenty-six (81.25%) out of 32 transplants performed in Madinah were functioning, four (12.5%) patients returned to dialysis and two (6.25%) patients died. Among the 21 transplants done in India 11 (52%) patients died, six (28.6%) returned to dialysis, and four (19.4%) had function deteriorated in all patients. We conclude that despite limitations, results of renal transplantation carried out at Madinah are encouraging on short-term basis. Live related transplant has a very good outcome, while commercial transplantation carries poor prognosis.


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