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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 541-546
Outpatient Percutaneous Renal Biopsy in Adult Patients


Department of Nephrology, King Fahd Hospital, King Faisal University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Abdulla K Al-Hweish
King Fahd Hospital of the University, PO Box 40246, Al-Khobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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PMID: 17951940

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To study the safety and efficacy of performing percutaneous renal biopsy in the outpatient department compared to the traditional inpatient policy, we studied 44 consecutive patients with proteinuria and other urinary sediment abnormalities, at King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia, during the period from September 2004 to August 2006. The patients were divided into two groups: group I, in whom kidney biopsy was performed and followed by 1-day hospital admission; and group II, in whom renal biopsy was performed in the outpatient department and followed by 6 hours' observation period and then by regular outpatient visits. All biopsies were performed with the use of real-time ultrasound and automated biopsy needle. Patients with a history of a bleeding diathesis or abnormal coagulation profile and those receiving warfarin, heparin, aspirin, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were excluded from the study. Only minor biopsy-related complications such as gross hematuria, perinephric hematoma that resolved without the need for blood transfusion or surgical intervention occurred in three (13.6%) patients in group I and in two (9.1%) patients in group II. The complications were apparent within 6 hours in all but one patient (97.7%). Overall, hematuria was identified in 52% of patients at :5 2 hours, 85% at :5 4 hours, and 97.7% at < 6 hours. The 24-hour hematocrit levels were not significantly different between the study groups. One (4.5%) patient from group II had a small perinephric hematoma, which was detected by ultrasound examination at 24 hours but not at 6 hours post biopsy period.; it resolved spontaneously without intervention. We conclude that in selected patients, same-day discharge after 6 hours of renal biopsy may be given safely without increased risk of complications.


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