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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 90-93
Extensive Cerebral Venous Thrombosis in a Renal Allograft Recipient


Department of Nephrology, St. Johnís Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Renuka Satish
Department of Nephrology, St. Johnís Medical College Hospital, Sarjapur Road, Bangalore-560034
India
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PMID: 18087132

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An increased risk of venous thromboembolism has been demonstrated following renal transplantation. Commonly reported sites have been deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism and vascular thrombosis involving the graft. Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) has not been reported in literature so far. A 36-year-old male patient, transplanted in Jan 2005 with normal graft functions, was admitted with history of headache, blurring of vision and vomiting. Examination revealed papilledema and no neurological deficits. Baseline investigations and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid were normal. Cerebral magnetic resonance venogram revealed extensive CVT involving superior sagittal sinus, bilateral transverse sinuses and the right sigmoid sinus. He was investigated for a thrombophilic disorder; serum homocysteine, protein C and S levels, antiphospholipid antibody and antithrombin-III levels were done despite which no conclusive diagnosis could be arrived at. To our knowledge, this is the first report of extensive CVT described in a transplant recipient. No definite prothrombotic or predisposing factors could be identified in our patient and the cause of CVT remains unclear.


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