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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 386-391
Perceived illness intrusion among patients on hemodialysis


Department of Nephrology, St. John’s Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Usha Bapat
Department of Nephrology, St. John’s Medical College Hospital, Sarjapur Road, Bangalore
India
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PMID: 19414939

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Dialysis therapy is extremely stressful as it interferes with all spheres of daily acti­vities of the patients. This study is aimed at understanding the perceived illness intrusion among pa­tients on hemodialysis (HD) and to find the association between illness intrusion and patient demo­graphics as well as duration of dialysis. A cross sectional study involving 90 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage V, on HD was performed during the period from 2005 to 2006. The subjects included were above 18 years of age, willing, stable and on dialysis for at least two months. Patients with psychiatric co-morbidity were excluded. A semi-structured interview schedule covering socio­demographics and a 13 item illness intrusion checklist covering the various aspects of life was ca­rried out. The study patients were asked to rate the illness intrusion and the extent. The data were ana­lyzed statistically. The mean age of the subjects was 50.28 ± 13.69 years, males were predominant (85%), 73% were married, 50% belonged to Hindu religion, 25% had pre-degree education, 25% were employed and 22% were housewives. About 40% and 38% of the study patients belonged to middle and upper socio-economic strata respectively; 86% had urban background and lived in nuclear fami­lies. The mean duration on dialysis was 24 ± 29.6 months. All the subjects reported illness intrusion to a lesser or greater extent in various areas including: health (44%), work (70%) finance (55%), diet (50%) sexual life (38%) and psychological status (25%). Illness had not intruded in areas of rela­tionship with spouse (67%), friends (76%), family (79%), social (40%) and religious functions (72%). Statistically significant association was noted between illness intrusion and occupation (P= 0.02).


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