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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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REVIEW ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1030-1037
New concepts to individualize calcineurin inhibitor therapy in renal allograft recipients


1 Department of Nephrology, University Hospital, INF 162, Heidelberg, Germany
2 Department of Immunology, University of Heidelberg, INF 400, Heidelberg, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Claudia Sommerer
Department of Nephrology, University of Heidelberg , Im Neuenheimer Feld 162 D-69120 Heidelberg
Germany
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PMID: 21060169

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A maximum of efficacy with a minimum of toxicity is the ultimate goal of immuno­suppressive therapy. Calcineurin inhibitors are widely used as immunosuppressive drugs, and there is still a discussion about the optimal blood levels of cyclosporine A (CsA) and tacrolimus (Tac), balancing safety and efficacy. Monitoring of calcineurin inhibitor therapy is usually per­formed by blood trough levels, pharmacokinetics such as measurement of two-hour peak levels, or by various areas under the curve assessments (AUC, 4 to 12 hours). All these mentioned phar­macokinetic measurements cannot predict the individual biological effects of the immuno­suppressive drug. Several approaches have been undertaken to measure immunosuppression by calcineurin inhibitors. In this manuscript, general and specific immune monitoring strategies of calcineurin inhibitors and their clinical benefits are discussed.


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