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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 291-297
Utility of free prostate specific antigen serum level and its related parameters in the diagnosis of prostate cancer

1 Department of Radiology, Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan
2 Department of Urology, Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan
3 Department of Histopathology, Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Azmi A Haroun
P. O. Box 460495, 11946 Amman
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PMID: 21422628

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We evaluated the role of free prostate specific antigen (f-PSA) serum level and its related parameters in detecting prostate cancer. This retrospective study was conducted between January 2006 and March 2008. Trans-rectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy was performed for 107 patients who had total PSA (t-PSA) level of either >4 ng/mL with or without palpable nodule or ≤4 ng/mL with palpable nodule on digital rectal examination. The perfor-mance measurements for f-PSA, percent free PSA (%f-PSA) and free PSA density (f-PSAD) were determined and compared with those for t-PSA and total PSA density (t-PSAD). Descriptive statistics for all variables of interest were calculated, and receiver operating characteristic curves were generated. Nine patients (8.4%) had normal histology, 69 patients (64.4%) had benign disease and 29 patients (27.1%) had prostate cancer. The performance of f-PSA in PCa detection was better than other evaluated parameters. The largest area under the curve for patients in the gray area (t-PSA range 4.1-10 ng/mL) was for f-PSA, with a value of 0.64 and a sensitivity and specificity of 44% and 87%, respectively. For %f-PSA, these values were 0.59, 63% and 62%, respectively. For patients with a t-PSA level of 10.1-20 ng/mL, they were 0.68, 67%, and 81%, respectively, for f­PSA, and 0.64, 67%, and 76%, respectively, for %f-PSA. In conclusion, f-PSA serum levels performed better than free to total PSA ratio and t-PSA for prostate cancer screening. It is of clinical value which could affect the biopsy decision avoiding unnecessary interventions.

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