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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 110-113
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome presenting as fever of unknown origin


Department of Medicine, King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Fatma I Al-Beladi
Assistant Professor, Consultant Nephrologist, Department of Medicine, King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
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PMID: 22237230

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Antiphospholipid syndrome is characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies with characteristic clinical manifestation, which include venous, arterial thrombosis, thrombotic microangiopathy, and recurrent fetal loss. The syndrome can be secondary to many causes including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or "primary" antiphospholipid syndrome (APLS). We report a case of a man with catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS), which occurs when three or more organ systems are affected by thrombosis in less than a week. Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is uncommon but often fatal. The patient received a successful treatment that controlled this disease and included intravenous heparin, antiplatelet, intravenous corticosteroid, and plasmapheresis.


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