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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM ASIA-AFRICA Table of Contents   
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 609-613
Prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B infection among hemodialysis patients in Tabriz: A multicenter report


1 Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Jalal Etemadi
Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
Iran
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Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an important issue in hemodialysis. Risk factors and local prevalence varies between different regions. The current study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of HBV infection and its associated risk factors among hemodialysis patients from five hemodialysis centers in Tabriz, a Northwestern Iranian city. Hepatitis B serologic markers were evaluated in chronic hemodialysis patients. Patients (n = 412) were divided into two groups: Group 1 - patients with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and Group 2 - patients with negative HBsAg. The median age was 54.9 years (range, 13-90 years). Thirteen patients (3.2%) were found to be positive for HBsAg. Among the studied factors, the history of war injury was significantly associated with the risk of HBV infection (P = 0.023). In conclusion, our study shows that the risk of HBV infection among Tabrizian hemodialysis patients is a factor of dialysis-independent parameters.


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