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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 534-541
Screening for chronic kidney diseases among an adult population

1 Department of Epidemiology, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Department of Hemodialysis and Transplant Unit, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3 Department of Community Nutrition, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka, Bangladesh
4 Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Liaquat Ali
Department of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS) and Vice-Chancellor, BUHS, Dhaka
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.111049

PMID: 23640626

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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is now one of the major health problems all over the world and its early screening is vital to prevent the development of end-stage renal failure. This study was designed to evaluate the proportion of urban adults suffering from CKD as well as to have a preliminary idea about the determinants of this disorder. The screening program for CKD was arranged in a public place in Dhaka city, Bangladesh, and involved 634 adult partici­pants (>18 years of age) selected on first-come first-served basis. Socio-demographic, anthropometric, and clinical data were collected. Urinary protein was tested by the dipstick method, and serum glucose and creatinine were measured by an auto-analyzer. Estimated glomerular filtrate rate (eGFR) was calculated by using standard formula. CKD was diagnosed and classified accor­ding to the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines. A total of 12.8% of the subjects were found to have CKD of whom 2.7% were in Stage 1, 4.1% in Stage 2, and 6% were in Stage 3. The proportion was strongly influenced by age, with the highest prevalence (38.5%) found at 60 years and above. The CKD group showed higher body mass index, waist-hip ratio, and systolic blood pressure, compared with their non-CKD counterparts (P = 0.02). On multiple regression analysis (after adjustment of some confounding variables), age, random blood sugar, and education showed significant association with the development of CKD. A substantial number of urban adults in Dhaka were found to be unaware about the existence of CKD and large-scale prevention programs should be undertaken to reduce the classical risk factors of these disorders.

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