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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 714-718
Sleep quality assessment using polysomnography in children on regular hemodialysis


1 Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Mansoura University Children`s Hospital, Mansoura, Egypt
2 Pediatric Neurology Unit, Pediatric Department, Mansoura, Egypt
3 Community Medicine Department, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Riad M ElSayed
Pediatric Neurology Unit, Mansoura University, Mansoura
Egypt
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.113862

PMID: 23816719

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Studies examining sleep patterns in children on hemodialysis (HD) are lacking. This cross-sectional, control-matched group study was performed to assess the sleep quality in children on HD. The assessment was made using a subjective sleep assessment and sleep questionnaire and objective analysis was made using full night polysomnography. A total of 25 children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on HD were compared with 15 age- and sex-matched controls. The average age of the cases was 14 ± 4 years, 52% were males and the mean body mass index was 20 ± 3.8 kg/m². The average duration on dialysis was 2.6 ± 2 years. Analysis of subjective data revealed markedly affected sleep quality in HD patients, as evidenced by excessive day time sleepiness (P <0.005), night awakening (P <0.005), difficult morning arousal (P <0.005) and limb pains (P <0.005). Objective analysis showed differences in sleep architecture, less slow wave sleep in HD children, similar rapid eye movement and non-rapid eye movement, more sleep disordered breathing (P <0.0001) and more periodic limb movement disorders (P <0.0001). Our study suggests that children on regular HD have markedly affected objective as well as subjective quality of sleep.


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