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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-21
The seroprevalence of parvovirus B19 among kidney transplant recipients: A single-center study


1 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Paramedicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2 Students' Research Committee, School of Paramedicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3 Student of Laboratory Sciences, School of Paramedicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
4 Department of Medical Ethics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Nariman Sepehrvand
Students' Research Committee, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, West-Azerbaijan
Iran
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.124465

PMID: 24434377

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Parvovirus B19 is a DNA virus that is responsible for causing several diseases in humans. Parvovirus B19-induced persistent anemia is one of its manifestations that is relatively common in transplant recipients. This study was aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of parvovirus B19 among kidney transplant recipients. Ninety-one transplant recipients were selected randomly and were investigated for several variables including age, gender, educational status, history of hemodialysis (HD), history of blood transfusion and immunosuppressive therapy. Two milliliters of blood samples were collected via venipuncture and evaluated for anti-Parvovirus B19 IgG antibody using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. All recipients were anemic, with 72.5% of them suffering from severe anemia (Hb ≤ 11 in men and ≤ 10 in women). Sixty-three patients (69.2%) were seropositive for Parvovirus B19. There was no significant difference in age, sex, educational status, history of blood transfusion, history of HD and immunosuppressive therapy between seropositive and seronegative groups. The seroprevalence of Parvovirus B19 was relatively high in kidney transplant recipients in Urmia, Iran. Our study failed to find a correlation between the severity of anemia and the seropositivity of Parvovirus B19.


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