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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 278-284
Oral manifestations of allograft recipients before and after renal transplantation


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 Department of Urology, Namazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
5 Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
6 Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
7 Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
8 Department of Prostodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
9 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Biomaterial Research Center, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Dehghani Nazhvani
Department of Oral and Maxilofacial Pathology, Biomaterial Research Center, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
Iran
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.128505

PMID: 24625992

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Renal transplantation is considered the best treatment option for patients with end-stage renal disease. In this study, the prevalence of oral lesions was studied in a cohort of renal transplant recipients before and after transplantation. Fifty-nine kidney transplant recipients were examined one week before and four months after transplantation. The information gathered included age, sex, smoking history, duration on dialysis, drugs and their doses. There were 41 males (69.5%) and 18 females (30.5%) with a mean age of 37 years. Before surgery, two patients had non-specific lesions and two other patients had leukoedema. Following transplantation, 24 patients (40.7%) did not have any specific lesion. In six patients, we observed non-specific erythematous lesions (10.2%). Other recorded observations are as follows: Gingival hyperplasia in five patients (8.5%), oral candidiasis of the erythematous type in five patients (8.5%), hairy leukoplakia in four patients (6.8%) and leukoedema in seven patients (11.9%). In our study patients, the prevalence of oral lesions increased after transplantation, although it was lower than that reported in other studies. This could be due to the differences in sample size, differences between Iranian race and other races and different pharmaceutical formulation of the drug produced in Iran.


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