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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 385-389
Giant renal artery pseudoaneurysm caused by rupture of renal angiomyolipoma following pregnancy: Endovascular treatment and review of the literature

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Ilkay S Idilman
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, 06100
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.128570

PMID: 24626009

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Renal angiomyolipoma is a hamartomatous, benign tumor composed of blood vessels, fatty tissue and smooth muscle cells, and is often detected incidentally. It can also be associated with the tuberous-sclerosis complex (TSC). Pregnancy and use of oral contraceptives are known to be associated with an increased risk of tumoral rupture and bleeding. Herein, we report a unique case of renal angiomyolipoma associated with TSC who presented with hypovolemic shock as a result of spontaneous rupture of a giant renal pseudoaneurysm, immediately after pregnancy. Emergency endovascular treatment was successful with sparing of most of the affected kidney as demonstrated by follow-up computed tomography imaging.

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