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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 974-980
Predictive parameters of survival in hemodialysis patients with restless leg syndrome


1 University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Medicine Kragujevac, Clinic of Urology and Nephrology, Clinical Center Kragujevac, Serbia
2 University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine Belgrade, Institute of Medical Statistics and Informatics, Serbia
3 Clinic of Neurology, Clinical Center Kragujevac, Serbia
4 University of Pristina, Medical Faculty, Internal Clinic, Pristina, Serbia
5 Health Center Pristina/Gracanica, Serbia
6 University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Medicine, Kragujevac, Serbia
7 Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Clinical Center, Kragujevac, Serbia

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Radojica V Stolic
Clinical center Kragujevac, Zmaj Jovina 30, 34000 Kragujevac
Serbia
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.139869

PMID: 25193893

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Restless leg syndrome (RLS) affects the quality of life and survival in patients on hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics and survival parameters in patients on HD with RLS. This study was a non-randomized clinical study involving 204 patients on HD, of whom 71 were female and 133 were male. Symptoms of RLS were defined as positive responses to four questions comprising the criteria of RLS. We recorded the outcome of treatment, biochemical analyses, demographic, sexual, anthropometric and clinical characteristics in all study patients. Patients with RLS who completed the study had a significantly higher body mass index and lower intima-media thickness and flow through the arteriovenous fistula. Among patients with RLS who died, there were more smokers as well as higher incidences of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. Among patients with RLS who survived, there were a greater number of patients with preserved diuresis and receiving erythropoietin therapy. Patients who completed the study had significantly higher levels of hemoglobin, creatinine, serum iron and transferrin satura­tion. Diabetes mellitus (B = 1.802; P = 0.002) and low Kt/V (B = -5.218; P = 0.001) were major predictive parameters for survival.


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