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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1260-1264
Unconventional strategies in the battle of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis


1 Department of Nephrology, Armed Forces Medical College and Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Sciences, Armed Forces Medical College and Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Armed Forces Medical College and Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College and Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Satish Mendonca
Department of Nephrology, Armed Forces Medical College and Command Hospital, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.194684

PMID: 27900977

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A 24-year-old male presented with classic features of the nephrotic syndrome. An initial renal biopsy revealed minimal change disease and thereafter, a second biopsy showed features of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis. There was no response to conventional immunosuppression, and the patient had to be given rituximab; in spite of this, he went on to develop end-stage renal disease. He continued to have heavy proteinuria leading to severe hypoalbuminemia, thrombosis, infections, and malnutrition, placing the patient in a life-threatening situation. Bilateral renal ablation with embolization of both kidneys with coiling was done at one setting, which finally resolved the proteinuria in the patient. He then underwent a living-related renal transplant, developing recurrence immediately post-transplant. He was again given rituximab along with tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisolone. There was no response to rituximab, and the patient underwent plasmapheresis, which leads to complete remission. An arteriovenous fistula was created post-transplant to facilitate regular plasmapheresis.


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