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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-43
Insulin resistance in predialytic, nondiabetic, chronic kidney disease patients: A hospital-based study in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India


1 Department of Nephrology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pathology, Division of Immunopathology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Division of Biostatistics and Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Neha Srivastava
Department of Nephrology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.198114

PMID: 28098101

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Most investigations have focused on patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). More recently, due to increased recognition of the high prevalence of moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease (CKD), attention has been redirected to this patient population to identify risk factors associated with hospitalization, death, and progression to ESRD. The objective of this study was to examine the degree and determinants of insulin resistance (IR) in predialytic, nondiabetic, CKD patients. Our study is a hospital-based cross-sectional study. The participants were aged 18 years and above with CKD due to any cause, were all nondiabetic patients, and the mean serum creatinine was 1.41-5 mg/dL. Anthropometric parameters included body weight, height, and skinfold thickness. Homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) score was 2.5 ± 1.2 in CKD patients and 1.9 ± 0.7 in controls. In the unadjusted analysis, there was a significant (P <0.05) correlation between HOMA-IR and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, cholesterol, and triglyceride (TG) levels. Upon adjusting for age and sex, total body fat (BF), globulin, TG, and C-reactive protein were having positive, significant (P <0.05) correlation with HOMA-IR. In multivariate regression models, BMI and total BF% were significant (P <0.05) predictors of IR in patients with CKD but not in controls. BF% and BMI are indicators of IR in CKD as in non-CKD population.


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