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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM THE ARAB WORLD Table of Contents   
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 341-348
Depression and anxiety disorders in chronic hemodialysis patients and their quality of life: A cross-sectional study about 106 cases in the northeast of morocco


1 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, CHU Mohammed VI, University Mohammed I, Oujda, Morocco
2 Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, CHU Mohammed VI, University Mohammed I, Oujda, Morocco
3 Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, CHU Mohammed VI, University Mohammed I, Oujda, Morocco

Correspondence Address:
Bouchra Oneib
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, CHU Mohammed VI, University Mohammed I, Oujda
Morocco
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.202785

PMID: 28352018

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Hemodialysis (HD) has a severe impact on the life of HD patients. The aim of this work was to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders, suicidal ideation, and the quality of life among HD patients. Associated factors were also studied. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 103 HD patients treated at the HD Center of Al Farabi Hospital of Oujda during a period of six months in 2015. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) were used for the assessment. Major depressive episode (MDE) was found in 34% of our patients, whereas anxiety disorder was observed in 25.2%. Suicidal ideation was found in 16.5% and 1.9% of our patients planned their suicide. The EQ-5D index was 0.41 ± 0.36 and the EQ-Visual Analog Scale score was 45.73 ± 14. Multivariate analysis showed that MDEs were associated with three factors: marital status, pain, and anxiety disorder. There was also an association between anxiety disorder and age and EQ-Visual Analog Scale score. Suicidal ideation was associated with marital status and anxiety disorders. Together, these results underline the importance of the collaboration between nephrologists and psychiatrists for a better care of HD patients.


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