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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 486-491
Deceased heart beating donor and organ transplantation in Saudi Arabia



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Date of Web Publication10-Apr-2018
 

How to cite this article:
. Deceased heart beating donor and organ transplantation in Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018;29:486-91

How to cite this URL:
. Deceased heart beating donor and organ transplantation in Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Jun 2];29:486-91. Available from: http://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2018/29/2/486/229299
There were 637 deceased heart beating cases (possible donors) reported to Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation in the year 2017 from 102 hospitals with intensive care units. Of this total, 415 cases (65.1%) were fully documented to have irreversible neurologic determination of death (potential donors) according to our National Protocol. Families were approached in 79.3% of the potenetial donors (329 cases), and consent for organ donation was obtained in 124 cases (37.7%) of all diagnosed and approached cases where the families could be contacted and the issue of donation was discussed). On the other hand, family refusal to donate organs constituted 62% of the family approached cases. Out of the 124 consented cases, organs of 110 cases (88.7%) were successfully harvested (actual).

Organ transplantion activities showed that 145 kidneys were transplanted this year from deceased donors (distributed between ten governmental transplant centers). Seventy nine deceased livers were also transplanted this year; (29 at King Abdulaziz Medical City (NGH)-Riyadh, 27 at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh including 5 split livers, and 23 at King Fahd Specialist Hospital –Dammam). Beside that, 37 whole hearts were transplanted in addition to 21 hearts retrieved to be used as source of human valves.

Transplant actvities of other orgrans showed that two single lungs and 70 double lungs were transplanted this year to 37 recipients in addition 18 pancreas, 82 bones and 30 musculoskeletal tissues.

The performance of corneal transplantation in the Kingdom reflects the continuous dependence on corneas harvested abroad. In this year only two corneas were harvested locally from the deceased donors.

In conclusion, despite the achievements realized, (number of deceased heart beating cases reported, number consented, number harvested and number of organs transplanted/utilized), more efforts, through diffent types of media, are still needed in order to boost the organ donation and transplantation activities in the Kingdom. The focus on health education to the medical community and increasing public awarness about the importance of deceased organ donation and transplantation are the most important factors in this respect.











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