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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 911-915
The effect of hypothyroidism on serum irisin level in patients with nondiabetic chronic kidney disease: A pilot study with a cross-sectional design


1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India
3 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jaya Prakash Sahoo
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.239642

PMID: 30152429

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Both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypothyroidism are associated with decreased serum irisin level. The presence of hypothyroidism may influence serum irisin level in CKD patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hypothyroidism on serum irisin level in patients with nondiabetic CKD. Two hundred nondiabetic CKD patients aged between 18 and 65 years with glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were included in this study. Forty-three (21.5%) patients had hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical both). Forty hypothyroid and forty euthyroid CKD patients matched for age and Body Mass Index underwent body composition, biochemical [fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and C-reactive protein], and hormonal (fasting irisin and insulin) evaluation. Body composition analysis including visceral adipose tissue was done by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Homeostatic model assessment 2 insulin resistance was calculated from FPG and insulin levels. The median serum irisin levels were not significantly different between hypothyroid and euthyroid CKD patients [95 (47.74–261.52) vs. 66 (28.25–224.50) ng/mL, P = 0.30]. There was also no difference in renal function, body composition and other metabolic parameters between the two groups. To conclude, the presence of hypothyroidism does not alter serum irisin level in patients with nondiabetic CKD.


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