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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM ASIA-AFRICA Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 492-500
The spectrum of renal diseases observed in native renal biopsies in a single North Indian tertiary care center


1 Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Immunopathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay D'Cruz
Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Chandigarh
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.256856

PMID: 31031385

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We analyzed the spectrum of biopsy-proven renal disease in a single tertiary care center in North India from 2007 to 2016. A total of 420 biopsies were analyzed. Patients were excluded if clinical details were unavailable or if either the histopathology core or the IF core was inadequate. In the final analysis, 359 biopsies were included. All clinical, laboratory, histopathological, and immunofluorescence (IF) findings were recorded in each case. The usefulness of IF in reaching a definitive diagnosis was also analyzed. The patients were in the age range of 2–94 years; 23.1% were children and 76.9% were adults. Males (60.4%) outnumbered females (39.6%) in all the disease categories except lupus nephritis (LN). Primary glomerular diseases (PGDs) (n = 297, 82.7%) were more common than secondary glomerular diseases (SGDs) (n = 46, 12.8%) and tubulointerstitial diseases (n = 16, 4.5%). The most common PGD was focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) (23.4%), followed by minimal change disease (17%) and membranous nephropathy (12.5%), whereas the most common SGD was LN, seen in 9.2%. In the present study, IF helped in reaching the final diagnosis in 44.3%. The entities in which IF was most useful in reaching the final diagnoses were FSGS (31.5%) and IgA nephropathy (14.5%). The final pathological diagnosis correlated with the first clinical possibility in 207 of 359 (57.7%) cases. This 10-year study provides descriptive data and highlights the changing pattern of renal disease possibly due to an increased awareness and referral to higher centers.


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