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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 520-525
Lupus nephritis in a patient with retroviral infection

1 Department of Nephrology, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Rheumatology, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Center for Renal and Urological Pathology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
T Yashwanth Raj
Department of Nephrology, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.256861

PMID: 31031390

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A 38-year-old woman, diagnosed as Person Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) for three years, presented with features of fever, rashes, joint pain, dyspnea and pedal edema. On evaluation, a diagnosis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with Lupus Nephritis (LN) triggered by HIV infection was made based on clinical and serological evidence. She was continued on HAART, and immuno-suppressive therapy was co-administered resulting in the resolution of her symptoms. Lupus-like histopathological findings have been reported in patients with HIV-related kidney diseases. This case report is to highlight the co-existence of LN in a patient with HIV infection.

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