Home About us Current issue Back issues Submission Instructions Advertise Contact Login   

Search Article 
  
Advanced search 
 
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Users online: 162 Home Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1364-1374
Superior protective effects of febuxostat plus alpha-lipoic acid on renal ischemia/reperfusion-induced hepatorenal injury in rats


1 Department of Pharmacology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Department of Pathology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mahmoud M Farag
Department of Pharmacology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria
Egypt
Login to access the Email id


DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.275480

PMID: 31929283

Rights and Permissions

A complex cascade of pathological events including oxidative stress and inflammation is involved in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced local and remote organ injuries. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of febuxostat (FEB), a selective xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor, and alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), a strong antioxidant, on the kidney and liver changes induced by renal I/R in rats. Renal I/R was induced in rats by clamping renal pedicles for 1 h followed by 2 h reperfusion. Fifty rats were assigned to five groups as follows: sham operated; vehicle + I/R; FEB + I/R; ALA + I/R, and (FEB + ALA) + I/R. Drug treatment was given 24 h and 1 h before I/R induction. Serum and tissue biochemical parameters and histopathological changes were examined after reperfusion. Serum creatinine, urea and uric acid levels, and alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities were elevated after renal I/R. An increase in XO, myeloperoxidase, and malondialdehyde levels was observed in kidney and liver tissues with a concomitant decrease in both the glutathione level and superoxide dismutase activity. In addition, kidney and liver sections of vehicle-pretreated rats subjected to I/R exhibited a pronounced alteration in microanatomy. FEB, ALA, or FEB + ALA pretreatment attenuated the serum and tissue biochemical changes with amelioration of the histopathological changes in both the kidney and liver. The findings of this study revealed that FEB in combination with ALA had a greater protective effect than either drug alone. Thus, FEB and ALA co-administration may provide a potential superior therapeutic strategy to protect the kidney and liver against renal I/R-induced injury.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article  Email this article
    

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed308    
    Printed2    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded45    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal