Home About us Current issue Back issues Submission Instructions Advertise Contact Login   

Search Article 
  
Advanced search 
 
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Users online: 678 Home Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 395-406
Assessment of cognitive functions and adaptive behavior in children with end-stage renal disease on regular hemodialysis


1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Gharbia Governate, Egypt
2 Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Gharbia Governate, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed Abdelaziz El-Gamasy
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Gharbia Governate
Egypt
Login to access the Email id


DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.284014

PMID: 32394912

Rights and Permissions

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined by the Kidney Disease and Outcome Quality Initiative as a child who has kidney damage lasting for at least three months with or without decreased glomerular filtration rate. Hemodialysis (HD) means removal of waste products and extra fluid directly from the blood when the kidneys do not work properly. Studies aimed at investigating neurocognitive impairment in children with CKD have identified a wide range of delays in cognitive development. The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive functions and adaptive behavior in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on regular HD. This case-controlled study was conducted on 30 children suffering from ESRD who were on treatment at the Pediatric Nephrology Unit of Tanta University Hospital. Thirty apparently healthy children served as a control group, in the period from January 2017 to January 2018. All children were subjected to full history taking, careful physical and neurological examination, specific investigations including assessment of intelligence quotient (IQ) using Stanford Binet test 5th edition; assessment of adaptive behavior, assessment of executive functions by using Wisconsin Card Sorting Test; and continuous performance test. This study showed that mean values of IQ and the Vineland test were significantly lower among patients than controls. The study suggests that children with ESRD had lower IQ, adaptive behavior and executive functions than healthy control children.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article  Email this article
    

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed192    
    Printed2    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded34    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal