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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM ASIA–AFRICA Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 482-492
Ten-year appraisal of pediatric renal allograft biopsies: Points to ponder


1 Department of Pathology, Lab Medicine, Transfusion Services and Immunohematology; Department of Stem Cell Therapy and Regenerative Medicine, G. R. Doshi and K. M. Mehta Institute of Kidney Diseases and Research Centre and Dr. H. L. Trivedi Institute of Transplantation Sciences, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pathology, Lab Medicine, Transfusion Services and Immunohematology, G. R. Doshi and K. M. Mehta Institute of Kidney Diseases and Research Centre and Dr. H. L. Trivedi Institute of Transplantation Sciences, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, G. R. Doshi and K. M. Mehta Institute of Kidney Diseases and Research Centre and Dr. H. L. Trivedi Institute of Transplantation Sciences, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Aruna V Vanikar
Department of Pathology, Lab Medicine, Transfusion Services and Immunohematology, G. R. Doshi and K. M. Mehta Institute of Kidney Diseases and Research Centre and Dr. H. L. Trivedi Institute of Transplantation Sciences, Civil Hospital Campus, Asarwa, Ahmedabad - 380 016, Gujarat
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.284024

PMID: 32394922

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There is paucity of literature on pediatric renal allograft biopsy (RAB) evaluation. We present RAB findings of pediatric renal transplantation (RT) and correlate with outcome. This is a 10-year retrospective study of diagnostic RAB of children <12 years divided in to three groups: Group 1 (n = 9): less than haplo-match living donor RT (LDRT), Group 2 (n = 32): greater than or equal to haplo-match LDRT, and Group 3 (n = 7): deceased donor RT. Demographics, biopsy findings, survival, and serum creatinine (SCr) were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 20.0. The most common findings were antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) observed in 77.7%, 45%, and 71.5% and T-cell-mediated rejections (TCMRs) in 33.3%, 52.5%, and 42.9% in Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Recurrent oxalosis was seen in 5% in Group 2. Death-censored graft survival was 100% at 1 year and 43.8% from 5 to 9 years in Group 1; 93.5%, 76.6%, 56.5%, and 14.4% at 1, 5, 10, and 15 years in Group 2; 100% at one year; and 71.4% from 5 to 12 years in Group 3. No patient appeared after 9 years in Group 1 and after 12 years in Group 3. In Group 1, the mean SCr (mg/dL) was 1.06 ± 0.45, 2.12 ± 1.87, and 1.39 at 1, 5, and 9 years; 1.35 ± 0.97, 1.73 ± 1.15, and 2.49 ± 1.64 in Group 2; and 1.15 ± 1.24, 1.43 ± 0.1, and 1.18 ± 0.06, respectively, in Group 3 at 1, 5, and 10 years posttransplant. ABMR followed by TCMR was the most common injury in all the groups. Group 1 had more rejections than others.


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