Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2008  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 636--642

Primary HIV Infection Presenting as Non-traumatic Rhabdomyolysis with Acute Renal Failure


Murugesan Ram Prabahar, Manish Jain, Venkatraman Chandrasekaran, Elayaperumal Indhumathi, Periasamy Soundararajan 
 Department of Nephrology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Murugesan Ram Prabahar
Department of Nephrology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai-116, Tamilnadu
India

Renal disease is a relatively common complication in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A collapsing form of focal glomerulosclerosis has been considered as the primary form of HIV nephropathy. HIV infection is also associated with an increasing number of different forms of renal disease. Acute renal failure (ARF) syndromes are frequently noted during the course of HIV infection. The most common include the following: acute and often reversible renal failure resulting from infection, hypotension, and administration of nephrotoxins used to treat opportunistic infections, and the use of highly active anti-retroviral therapy. ARF has been reported in up to 20% of hospitalized HIV infected patients compared to 3 to 5% of non-HIV infected patients. Primary HIV in-fection is usually symptomatic, and infected patients can present with a variety of symp-toms. Although ARF syndromes are frequently noted during the course of infection, it is an uncommon presentation of primary HIV infection. We describe a 42-year-old man who presented at our hospital with acute self-limited rhabdomyolysis and who was found to have primary HIV infection. Our case and other reports suggest that a diagnosis of primary HIV infection needs to be considered in patients who present with acute rhabdomyolysis.


How to cite this article:
Prabahar MR, Jain M, Chandrasekaran V, Indhumathi E, Soundararajan P. Primary HIV Infection Presenting as Non-traumatic Rhabdomyolysis with Acute Renal Failure.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2008;19:636-642


How to cite this URL:
Prabahar MR, Jain M, Chandrasekaran V, Indhumathi E, Soundararajan P. Primary HIV Infection Presenting as Non-traumatic Rhabdomyolysis with Acute Renal Failure. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2008 [cited 2019 Dec 14 ];19:636-642
Available from: http://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=2008;volume=19;issue=4;spage=636;epage=642;aulast=Prabahar;type=0