Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 381--384

Sodium hypochlorite-induced acute kidney injury


Brandon W Peck1, Biruh Workeneh2, Huseyin Kadikoy1, Abdul Abdellatif2 
1 Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
2 Department of Medicine; Division of Nephrology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA

Correspondence Address:
Abdul Abdellatif
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030
USA

Sodium hypochlorite (bleach) is commonly used as an irrigant during dental proce­dures as well as a topical antiseptic agent. Although it is generally safe when applied topically, reports of accidental injection of sodium hypochlorite into tissue have been reported. Local necrosis, pain and nerve damage have been described as a result of exposure, but sodium hypo­chlorite has never been implicated as a cause of an acute kidney injury (AKI). In this report, we describe the first case of accidental sodium hypochlorite injection into the infraorbital tissue during a dental procedure that precipitated the AKI. We speculate that oxidative species induced by sodium hypochlorite caused AKI secondary to the renal tubular injury, causing mild acute tubular necrosis.


How to cite this article:
Peck BW, Workeneh B, Kadikoy H, Abdellatif A. Sodium hypochlorite-induced acute kidney injury.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2014;25:381-384


How to cite this URL:
Peck BW, Workeneh B, Kadikoy H, Abdellatif A. Sodium hypochlorite-induced acute kidney injury. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Aug 7 ];25:381-384
Available from: http://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=2014;volume=25;issue=2;spage=381;epage=384;aulast=Peck;type=0