Year : 2016 | Volume
: 27 | Issue : 2 | Page : 428--433
Deceased Heart Beating Donor and Organ Transplantation in Saudi Arabia
|How to cite this article:|
. Deceased Heart Beating Donor and Organ Transplantation in Saudi Arabia.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2016;27:428-433
|How to cite this URL:|
. Deceased Heart Beating Donor and Organ Transplantation in Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Dec 6 ];27:428-433
Available from: http://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2016/27/2/428/178612
There were 629 deceased heart beating cases (possible donors) reported to Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation in the year 2015 from 104 hospitals with intensive care units. Of this total, 400 cases (63.6%) were fully documented to have irreversible neurologic determination of death (potential donors) according to our National Protocol. Families were approached in 83% of the potenetial donors (332 cases), and consent for organ donation was obtained in 101 cases (30.4%of all diagnosed and approached cases where the families could be contacted and the issue of donation was discussed). On the other hand, family refusal to donate organs constituted 69.3% of the family approached cases. Out of the 101 consented cases, organs of 89 cases (88.1%) were successfully harvested (actual) during this year.
Regarding organ transplant activities, there were 144 kidneys transplanted this year from deceased donors (distributed between ten governmental transplant centers). Sixty seven deceased livers were also transplanted this year; 24 at King Abdulaziz Medical City (NGH) Riyadh, 23 at King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center Riyadh, and 20 at King Fahd Specialist Hospital Dammam). Beside that, 30 whole hearts were transplanted in addition to 17 hearts used as source of human valves. On the other hand one single lung, 38 double lung and 8 pancreas were transplanted this year in addition 43 bones retrieved to be used in bone transplant activities.
The number of corneal transplantations performed in 2015 still reflects the continuous dependence on corneas harvested abroad. There were only six corneas harvested from local donors this year.
In conclusion, despite the achievements realized, (number of deceased heart beating cases reported, number consented, number harvested and number of organs transplanted/utilized), more efforts, through various media, are still needed to boost the organ donation and transplantation activities in the Kingdom. Stress on health education to the medical community and increasing public awareness about the importance of deceased organ donation and transplantation should still be continued.