Year : 2018 | Volume
: 29 | Issue : 5 | Page : 1250--1255
Organ donation and transplantation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2017
|How to cite this article:|
. Organ donation and transplantation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2017.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018;29:1250-1255
|How to cite this URL:|
. Organ donation and transplantation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2017. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Sep 17 ];29:1250-1255
Available from: http://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2018/29/5/1250/243977
Increasing reporting of possible deceased donors to the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation (SCOT), by the donating hospitals, has been a major task of the organ donation program in the center. There were 637 possible deceased donors reported to SCOT in 2017 from 102 donating hospitals. Four hundred fifteen (65%) brain-death cases were documented as potential donors. There was no significant change in the demographics of the possible reported cases. The interviews with the families of potential donors were carried out in 79% (329) of the cases. Consent for organ donation was obtained in 38% (124) of the family approached cases and the actual harvesting of organs was done in 110 cases.
Consent rate per donated organ from deceased donors was reported to be 99% for kidney, 98% for liver, 94% for heart, 95% for lungs and pancreas, 40% for corneas and 24% for bones.
A total of 921 renal transplant operations were done this year in Saudi Arabia, 776 of them were from living donors and 145 from deceased donors.
Consent for liver donation was obtained in 122 deceased brain death cases, of which 74 cases were utilized to transplant 79 livers (including 5 split livers transplanted at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh). Twenty-nine of the deceased liver transplant operations were done at King Abdul-Aziz aziz Medical City (NGH)-Riyadh, 27 at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh, and 23 at King Fahd Specialist Hospital-Dammam.
Regarding liver from living donors; a total of 147 transplant operations were performed this year; 131 (89%) were from living related donors and 16 (11%) from living unrelated donors. Seventy five percent (110) of liver transplant operations from living donors were done at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh, 13% (19) at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City (NGH)-Riyadh, 9% (13) at Prince Sultan Military Medical City-Riyadh, 2% (3) at King Fahd Specialist Hospital-Dammam, and 1% (2) at Saudi German Hospital, Jeddah.
A total of 37 whole hearts were transplanted this year, thirty-five at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh (26 for adults and 9 for pediatrics) and two at Prince Sultan Cardiac Center-Riyadh for adults’ recipients. Besides that, 21 hearts were recovered to be used as source for human valves; all were given to King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Riyadh.
Seventy two lungs from deceased donors were transplanted this year at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh; 70 were transplanted as double to 35 recipients and two transplanted as single to two recipients to raise the total number of lungs transplanted since the inception of the program in the Kingdom to 285 lungs for 160 recipients.
Pancreas transplantation activities showed that 18 pancreas were transplanted this year for adult recipients (11 in simultaneous kidney-pancreas operations and 7 in pancreas alone transplant operations). Transplant operations for pancreas were distributed between King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh (16 operations) and King Fahd Specialist Hospital-Dammam (2 operations).
In this year also, 27 consents were obtained for bone and musculoskeletal tissue donation from which 79 bones and 27 musculoskeletal tissues were recovered by King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh.
Consent for cornea donation was obtained from 46 deceased donors however only two corneas were recovered from one donor by King Khalid Eye Specialist.
The Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation strongly believes that there should be continuous efforts to increase the awareness of the medical community and the public in Saudi Arabia to the importance of organ donation and transplantation in order to increase the number of transplanted organs.