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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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Year : 1994  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 365-370
Etiopathogenesis of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis


Department of Pediatrics, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Maha A Azzam
Department of Pediatrics, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, P.O. Box 22490, Riyadh 11426
Saudi Arabia
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PMID: 18583766

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The relationship between nephritogenic strains of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABS) and acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) is well established. Recent studies have cast some doubts on the importance of the M-antigen which is widely used in classifying the nephritogenic strains of GABS. The renal injury occurs as a result of an immune-mediated process which involves the complement system. This leads to deposition of circulating immune complexes and/or their in-situ formation in the kidney resulting in renal damage. Newer antigenic fractions have been identified in GABS, which include; endostreptocin (ESS), nephritis strain associated protein (NSAP), and pre-absorbing antigen (Pa-Ag). These developments have allowed a better insight into the pathogenesis of APSGN.


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