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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 1997  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 302-309
Pediatric Renal Transplantation in Saudi Arabia

1 Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Riyadh Medical Complex, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Muhammad Ziad Souqiyyeh
Consultant Nephrologist, Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, P.O. Box 27049, Riyadh 11417
Saudi Arabia
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PMID: 18417811

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This study was performed to evaluate the short and long-term outcome of pediatric renal transplantation in Saudi Arabia. Four large centers participated in this study and there were 124 patients with evaluable data. They included 79 males and 45 females with ages ranging from 218 years with a mean of 12.2 years. There were 69 transplants from living donors and 55 from cadaveric donors. The cause of the original renal disease was unknown in 61.4% of the cases. Re-transplantation rate was 8% and the cause of failure of the first graft was venous thrombosis in 60% of the cases most of whom were transplanted before 1990. Acute rejection occurred in 31% of the patients and did not correlate with age at time of transplantation, sex, nationality, source of donor, place of transplantation or follow-up, year of transplant, or delayed graft function; however, those who eventually lost their grafts had significantly more number of acute rejection episodes. There were 24 cases (19%) of infection related to graft and 43 cases (34%) of extra-renal infection. Medical complications other than rejection and infection occurred in 37% of the study group. The 15 year survival rates of patients and grafts from living donors were 96.7% and 92.2% respectively, while the 11 year survival rates of patients and grafts from cadaver donors were 93% and 58.4% respectively. We conclude that pediatric renal transplantation in Saudi Arabia has been performing well in terms of the quantity and quality and the results are comparable to the reputed programs in other countries.

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