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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 149-154
Isolated Renal Hydatid Disease: Experience at the Queen Rania Urology Center, The King Hussein Medical Center

1 Department of Urology, Queen Rania Urology Center, Amman, Jordan
2 Department of Radiology, Queen Rania Urology Center, Amman, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Adnan A Abu-Qamar
Department of Urology, Queen Rania Urology Center, King Hussein Medical Center, P.O.Box 201, Amman 11953, Amman
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PMID: 17642767

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In this retrospective study, we present our experience on the diagnosis and management of isolated Hydatid disease of the kidneys. Between January 1999 and January 2003, eight patients were diagnosed to have Hydatid disease of the kidney and constituted the subjects of this study. Their age ranged between 20 and 63 years age (mean 40); there were five males and three females. Loin pain was the commonest mode of presentation in these patients. Investigations performed included urine analysis, serological tests, eosinophil count and relevant radiological studies. Urine analysis showed hydatiduria in one patient, the Casoni's test was positive in two, Ghedini skin test was positive in three and eosinophilia was noted in two other patients. All patients were treated surgically using loin supracostal extra-peritoneal approach. Total nephrectomy was performed in five patients, partial nephrectomy in one while excision of the cyst was performed in two patients. Our report suggests that a combination of various investigative modalities with a high index of suspicion is necessary in establishing the correct diagnosis. Surgery remains the main option of treatment for renal hydatid disease.

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