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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM THE ASIA - AFRICA Table of Contents   
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 415-419
Obstructive Uropathy in Sudanese Patients


1 Department of Surgery, Gezira Hospital, Medani, Sudan
2 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Gezira Hospital, Medani, Sudan
3 Department of Renal Diseases, Gezira Hospital, Medani, Sudan
4 Wad Medani Obstetric Hospital, Medani, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
M El Imam
Department of Surgery, Gezira university, P.O. Box 20, Medani
Sudan
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PMID: 16970266

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In this paper we describe the causes, patterns of presentation, and management of obstructive uropathy in Sudanese patients in a retrospective multi-center audit. All patients who presented with obstructive uropathy during 2005 were included in this study. All of the patients were subjected to serial investigations including imaging and tests of renal function. Diversion, stenting, and/or definitive surgery were performed in order to relieve the obstruction. Five hundred twenty patients were diagnosed with obstructive uropathy during this period; 345 (66%) patients presented with chronic obstruction and 175 (34%) with acute obstruction. Of the study patients, 210 (40%) presented with significant renal impairment; 50 (23%) of them required emergent dialysis. The patterns of clinical presentation of the obstructed patients included pain at the site of obstruction in 48%, lower urinary tract symptoms in 42%, urine retention in 36.5%, mass effect in 22%, and anuria in 4%. Patients in the pediatric age group constituted 4% of the total. The common causative factors of obstruction included congenital urethral valves, pelvi-ureteral junction obstruction, urolithiasis, and iatrogenic trauma, especially in the obstetric practice. Renal function was completely recovered with early management in 100% of patients with acute obstruction and was stabilized in 90% of patients with chronic obstruction. Four patients were diagnosed with end-stage renal failure; two of them were transplanted. The mortality rate in this study was less than 0.3%.


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