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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM THE ARAB WORLD Table of Contents   
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 990-996
Hypertension care at primary health care centers: A report from Abha, Saudi Arabia


1 Department of Internal Medicine, King Khalid University, Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Khalid University, Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia
3 Joint Programme of Family Medicine, King Khalid University, Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohd Yunus Khan
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 641, Abha
Saudi Arabia
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PMID: 18974594

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It is well known that effective management of hypertension reduces the incidence of myo­cardial infarction, stroke and vascular complications. The Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, introduced the Quality Assurance Guidelines with the hope to improve the management of hypertension in its centers. We conducted an audit of two Primary Health Care Centers namely, Al-Manhal (MPHCC) and Al-Numais (NPHCC), to evaluate how well hypertension was managened at these centers. A check list was derived from the Quality Assurance Manual to audit the process and to assess the health outcome. A retrospective study on a chosen sample of 120 files of hypertensive patients, out of 256 from both the Primary Health Care Centers was performed, during the last three months of the year 2000. Results showed that 61% of the patients were between 45-64 years of age, 56% were females, 85% were married, 54% were illiterate and 7.5% were smokers. A total of 92% of the patients had primary hypertension and 25% had a positive family history of hypertension. Beta-blockers were the most commonly used drugs in both the centers. Although the recording of the information was not perfect, there was no statistical difference in the socio-demongraphic data and also the means of the total score in both the centres. On the other hand, carrying out the important procedures for hypertensive patients was found to be better at MPHCC in com­parison to NPHCC (p < 0.05). The commonly missed procedures were chest x-rays, electrolytes and ECG. Hypertension was well controlled in 63% of the patients, 58% were found to have obesity, 9% suffered from hypertension-related complications while almost 50% had good compliance to appointment in both the centers. Our study reveals that the process of hypertension care at the two Primary Health Care Centres in Aseer region was not in accordance with the recommended national standards. The reasons include lack of updating systems, recall system and provision of laboratory services and all these factors need to be addressed to improve care.


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