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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 689-694
Dyslipidemia in dialysis patients

1 Division of Nephorology, Department of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 College of Medicine and Research Center, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed H Mitwalli
Department of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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PMID: 21743212

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In order to evaluate the lipid profiles of dialysis patients, we retrospectively reviewed all the chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), followed up between June 2004 and May 2005, in two tertiary hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. There were 380 patients including 206 (54.2%) females and the mean age of the patients was 45.9 ± 15.8 years. The mean dialysis duration was 65.0 ± 58.3 months. Diabetes was present in 97 (25.5%) of the patients and hypertension in 84 (22.1%). Younger patients had more disturbed lipid profile than elderly patients, and females had higher lipid values than males. The CAPD patients had worse lipid profile than those on HD, irrespective of age, sex and duration of dialysis. The presence of diabetes, hypertension, smoking and cardiovascular disease (CVD) all contributed to the worsening of lipid profiles of our patients. Dialysis patients showed improvement in lipid profile initially followed by gradual deterioration. We conclude that dyslipidemia, which increases the risk of CVD by increasing atherogenesis, progresses over time in dialysis patients and becomes worse in CAPD patients.

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