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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 409-413
Analysis of 88 nephrectomies in a rural tertiary care center of India

1 Department of Urology, North Bengal Medical College, Sushruta Nagar, Darjeeling, India
2 Department of Pathology, North Bengal Medical College, Sushruta Nagar, Darjeeling, India

Correspondence Address:
Biswajit Datta
Department of Urology, North Bengal Medical College, Sushruta Nagar, Darjeeling 734012
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PMID: 22382250

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Nephrectomy is not an uncommon surgery in day-to-day practice of urology. Trauma is the most common cause of emergency nephrectomy. On the other hand, elective nephrectomy is done for both benign and malignant diseases of the kidney. This study has been performed to know the different causes of nephrectomy in a rural, tertiary care center of India. In our series, we have studied all the elective nephrectomies done in our hospital during a period of eight years. We have analyzed 88 cases of nephrectomies regarding their age, sex, laterality of disease, and histopathologic report of the nephrectomy specimens. Out of 88 cases, 61 were males and 27 were females. In our series, 62.5% cases of nephrectomies were done for benign causes and 37.5% cases for malignant causes. Among the benign causes, neglected pelviureteric junction obstruction was the leading cause, followed by calculus disease resulting in obstruction. On the other hand, renal cell carcinoma was the most common malignant pathology requiring nephrectomy.

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