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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM ASIA - AFRICA Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 697-702
Epidemiology of end-stage renal disease in Iran: A review article

1 Chronic Renal Failure Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
3 Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Omidiyeh Branch, Omidiyeh, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alireza Soleimani
Department of Internal Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.132242

PMID: 24821181

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The prevalence and incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are increasing in developed and developing countries, and this will place an enormous financial burden for health-care systems. The exact reasons of the rising prevalence of ESRD patients are unknown, but it can be attributed to an increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension as the most common causes of ESRD. However, in contrast to the developed countries, the etiology of ESRD in the significant percent of patients with ESRD in Iran is unknown. In our country, the patients with chronic kidney diseases present themselves to the hospital only when they have severe symptoms of uremia, and, at this time, determining the primary cause of ESRD is often not possible. In addition, although the prevalence and incidence of ESRD are also significantly increasing in Iran in recent years, they are still lower compared with developed countries, which may also be due to poor referral resulting in the under diagnosis of ESRD. The aim of this review is to evaluate the epidemiologic aspects of ESRD in Iran, including demographic data, cause of ESRD, kind of renal replacement therapies implemented and their survival.

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