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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 255-262
Coping methods to stress among patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis

1 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Physiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Fahimeh Alsadat Hosseini
Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.152409

PMID: 25758872

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Dialysis patients need to deal and cope with various aspects of their disease. Identifying the adaptation methods provides valuable information for planning specific treatment and medical care delivery and improving the performance of medical teams. The present study aims to evaluate the coping strategies to stress among patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) at the Imam Reza Educational-Medical Hospital, Tabriz, West Azarbaijan, Iran. This descriptive and analytical study was conducted on 70 patients in the year 2012. The subjects were selected through census method and simple random sampling method. Data were collected using a customized questionnaire and consisted of demographic information and the Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS) through a structured interview. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data in SPSS (version 13). The mean score of frequency of use of the coping strategy as "sometimes used" for the HD patients was 70.94 ± 18.91 and also for PD patients as "seldom used" was 58.70 ± 12.66. The mean score of helpfulness of coping strategies in the HD group was 49.57 ± 19.42 as "slightly helpful", whereas in the PD group it was 37.21 ± 14.38 as "slightly helpful" Furthermore, both groups used the emotion-oriented coping styles more frequently than the problem-oriented methods. HD patients used coping methods more frequently than the PD patients. The majority of patients used emotion-oriented coping strategies to deal with stress factors. Use of educational, counseling and supportive programs to assist in coping techniques can facilitate the coping process with stress factors in dialysis patients.

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