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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 380-385
Prevalence and associated factors of hepatitis C virus infection among renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis in three health centers in Aden, Yemen: A cross sectional study

1 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Aden University, Aden, Yemen
2 Department of Community Medicine, International Medical University (IMU), Jalan Jalil Perkasa, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3 Tayba Hemodialysis Center, Al-Gamhuria Teaching Hospital, Aden, Yemen
4 Queen Mary, University of London, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, London, United Kingdom
5 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nottingham University Malaysia Campus, JalanBroga, Semenyih, Selangor DarulEhsan, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Khadija Aman
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Aden University, Aden
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.152555

PMID: 25758898

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We aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with positive anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies among patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) in three centers in Aden, Yemen. The data from 219 patients and their records over the period between 2000-2013, was extracted and analyzed. The mean ± SD age of the patients was 47.08 ± 13.9 years; 74.4% of them were married and 14.6% were employed. The prevalence of validated anti-HCV-positive cases was 40.2% (95%CI 33.64%-46.73%). The mean ± SD duration on HD of all the patients was 35.09 ± 38 months. On bivariate analysis, the duration on HD and attending more than one center for HD associated significantly with anti-HCV positivity (P <0.05). On multivariate fully adjusted Poisson regression modelling, controlled for age, Patients attending more than one center and those who underwent HD for longer durations were more likely to be positive for anti- HCV antibodies [P = 0.004, adjusted prevalence rate ratio (APRR) = 1.87, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22-2.88; P = 0.0005, APRR = 1.01, 95% CI: 1.00-1.02. In this study sample, the prevalence of HCV was significant. Patients attending more than one center and those who underwent HD for longer durations were found to be more likely to contract HCV. Enhancing existing infection control measures and allocating more resources to HD centers therefore warrants consideration.

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