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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM ASIA - AFRICA Table of Contents   
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 392-397
Comparison of survival in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Department of Pediatric, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Faculty of Medicine, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4 Department of Chemistry, Behbahan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Behbahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ehsan Valavi
Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Chronic Renal Failure Research Center Abuzar Children's Hospital, Ahvaz
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.152559

PMID: 25758900

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Although the life expectancy of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has improved in recent years, it is still far below that of the general population. In this retrospective study, we compared the survival of patients with ESRD receiving hemodialysis (HD) versus those on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The study was conducted on patients referred to the HD and PD centers of the Emam Khomini Hospital and the Aboozar Children's Hospital from January 2007 to May 2012 in Ahvaz, Iran. All ESRD patients on maintenance HD or PD for more than two months were included in the study. The survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and the differences between HD and PD patients were tested by the log-rank test. Overall, 239 patients, 148 patients on HD (61.92%) and 91 patients on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) (38.55%) with mean age of 54.1 ± 17 years were enrolled in the study. Regardless of the causes of ESRD and type of renal replacement therapy (RRT), one-, two- and three-year survival of patients was 65%, 51% and 35%, respectively. There was no significant difference between type of RRT in one- (P-value = 0.737), two- (P-value = 0.534) and three- (P-value = 0.867) year survival. There was also no significant difference between diabetic and non-diabetic patients under HD and CAPD in the one-, two- and three-year survival. Although the three-year survival of diabetic patients under CAPD was lower than that of non-diabetic patients (13% vs. 34%), it was not statistically significant (P-value = 0.50). According to the results of the current study, there is no survival advantage of PD during the first years of initiation of dialysis, and the one-, two- and three-year survival of HD and PD patients is also similar.

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