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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM ASIA - AFRICA Table of Contents   
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 638-642
Nephrectomy in adults: Experience at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana


1 Department of Surgery/Urology, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana
2 Department of Pathology, University of Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mathew Y Kyei
Department of Surgery and Urology, University of Ghana Medical School, P.O. Box 4236, Accra
Ghana
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.157438

PMID: 26022047

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The objective of this study was to analyze nephrectomies performed in adults over a 12-year period at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra and to compare our findings with reports from other institutions. In this retrospective study, medical records of 97 consecutive adult patients who underwent nephrectomy from January 2000 to December 2011 were reviewed. The parameters extracted included the patients' age, gender, indication for nephrectomy and the side of nephrectomy. Also considered were the histology of the nephrectomy specimen and the peri-operative mortality. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences for Windows (Version 19.0). Of the 97 nephrectomies performed, 62 were performed for suspected malignant renal tumors and 35 were performed for clinically benign renal conditions. Malignancy was confirmed in 85.5% (53/62) of the suspected cases. The mean age of this group was 52.2 ± 15.5 years and the male to female ratio was 1:0.9. Thirty-two tumors (60.4%) were in the right kidney and 21 (39.6%) tumors were in the left kidney; the mean tumor size was 16.8 ± 4.0 cm. The predominant presenting complaints included flank pain (67.9%), flank mass (50.9%) and hematuria (24.5%). In one case (1.9%), the renal mass was found incidentally. Among patients who had benign disease, non-functioning kidney due to renal cystic disease was the most common lesion (11/44; 25.0%). A peri-operative mortality rate of 3.1% was recorded. Our study suggests that malignant renal tumors constitute the main indication for nephrectomy in our institution. Non-functioning kidney due to renal cystic disease was the most common benign renal indication for nephrectomy.


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