Home About us Current issue Ahead of Print Back issues Submission Instructions Advertise Contact Login   

Search Article 
  
Advanced search 
 
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Users online: 1291 Home Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size 

RENAL DATA FROM ASIA - AFRICA Table of Contents   
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 781-786
Screening for kidney disease in an oil producing community in Nigeria: A pilot study


1 Department of Medicine, Renal Unit, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Renal Unit, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
3 Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Umezurike H Okafor
Department of Medicine, Renal Unit, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id


DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.185257

PMID: 27424698

Rights and Permissions

Petroleum products have been associated with acute and chronic kidney disease. Nigeria is a major oil producing and exporting country. The aim of this study was to screen for kidney disease in an oil producing community in Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional study carried out in Ido, Asari-Toru Local Government Area of Rivers State. All subjects were resident in the town and those aged 18 years and above were eligible. Spot urine samples were collected for dipstick urinalysis, and venous blood was collected for estimation of serum electrolyte, urea, creatinine, and lipid profile. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Cockcroft and Gault formula. A total of 99 participants were screened: 75% were females, over 50% aged above 50 years, and the majority had low socioeconomic status. The mean eGFR of the participants was 80.2 ± 33.3 mL/min/1.73 m 2 , 32.6% of the participants had eGFR <60 mL/min, and 2% had eGFR <30 mL/min. Furthermore, 36.5% of the participants had proteinuria and 29.8% had 1 + proteinuria. There was a significant negative correlation of eGFR with a family history of diabetes mellitus (−0.35, P = 0.016), elevated systolic hypertension (−0.29, P = 0.035), and elevated total cholesterol (−0.23, P = 0.045), but there was a positive correlation with body mass index (0.24, P = 0.018). We conclude that the prevalence of kidney disease was high in the screened population in a Nigerian oil producing community.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article  Email this article
    

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2088    
    Printed21    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded175    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal