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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 843-851
Dialysis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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Date of Web Publication5-Jul-2016

How to cite this article:
. Dialysis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2016;27:843-51

How to cite this URL:
. Dialysis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Nov 27];27:843-51. Available from: https://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2016/27/4/843/185307
The dialysis statistics prepared by the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation (SCOT) at the end of year 2015 showed a total of 16,897 dialysis patients, 15,590 of them are treated by Hemodialysis (HD) and the remaining 1,307 by peritoneal dialysis. The prevalence of end-stage renal failure treated by dialysis is estimated to be 536 cases/pmp. Total death was 1619 (10%), while the incidence of treated ESRD is estimated at 144 cases/PMP.

   Hemodialysis Top

There are 213 dialysis centers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia having 6,560 machines catering to 15,590 patients. The Ministry of Health offers the largest percentage of these facilities with contributions made by the NON-MOH government sector as well as the private sector. The age distribution of dialysis population showed that the majority of patients are in the age groups (26-65) years. About 8% of the dialysis patients are older than 75 years while only 1% of them are under 15 years.

Hepatitis B seems to be in good control (3%) while hepatitis C continues to be a major problem (13% positivity) among dialysis patients. Of the 15,590 patients on dialysis, about 14% are in the active waiting list for transplantation with another 20% being evaluated for possible inclusion in the waiting list. It is worth mentioning that 67% of the HD patients are hypertensive, while 50% are diabetes.

   Peritoneal Dialysis Top

The total number of patients treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) had slightly decreased from 1,416 patients in 2014 to be 1,307 by the end of the year 2015. Age distribution of PD patients showed that (87% of them are adults and 13% are children. At the same time, 443 new patients have been registered this year on peritoneal dialysis. Total death among PD patients was reported to be 10% (127 patients). Twenty seven percent of PD patients are treated by the continuous ambulant peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), 68% by automated/continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis (APD/CCPD), and only 5% are treated by intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD). Three percent of patients on PD are found to be HBsAg+ve and another 3% are HCV antibodies+ve.

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