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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1106-1109
Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis Associated with Bortezomib Therapy


Department of Nephrology, Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Raveendran Vairakkani
Department of Nephrology, Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.301178

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A 28-year-old male, 10 years post live-related renal transplant with stable graft function of 1.4 mg/dL, presented with complaints of loss of appetite and vomiting for three days. On evaluation, he was found to have significant graft dysfunction with a creatinine of 10.3 mg/dL. He was initiated on hemodialysis in view of uremic gastrointestinal symptoms. Graft biopsy done revealed acute cell-mediated rejection BANFF IIB and diffuse C4d-positive antibody-mediated rejection. He was treated with intravenous methylprednisolone, therapeutic plasma exchange, and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, following which his graft function improved gradually. He received multiple injections of bortezomib as a part of anti-rejection treatment protocol and developed peripheral neuropathy, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, and varicellosis. This case report is to highlight the unusual phenomenon of leukocytoclastic vasculitis in a post renal transplant setting secondary to bortezomib therapy.


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