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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 927-936
Prevalence, Location, and Determinants of Valvular Calcifications in Congolese Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study

1 Nephrology Unit, University Hospital of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
2 Cardiology Unit, University Hospital of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Correspondence Address:
Yannick M Engole
Nephrology Unit, University Hospital of Kinshasa, Kinshasa
Democratic Republic of Congo
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.301199

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Valvular calcifications (VCs) are one of the major cardiovascular complications in patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) due to its prevalence and predictive morbidity and mortality. The current study assessed the prevalence, location, and risk factors of VC among chronic HD Congolese patients in Kinshasa. This observational study involved three HD centers in Kinshasa between March and August 2016. Consecutive consenting adults on maintenance HD for at least six months were recruited. VCs were defined as a luminous echo on one or more cusps of the aortic or mitral valve. Risk factors of VC were determined by multivariate analysis. Sixty patients (mean age: 52.5 ± 15.9 years) were enrolled. The mean serum calcium and phosphorus were7.9 ± 1.3 mg/dL and 5.7 ± 1.7 mg/dL, respectively. VCs were encountered in 38% of the whole group in aortic and mitral valvular location in 64% and 23%, respectively. Hypertension, age >60 years, tobacco use, and hyperphosphatemia were independently associated with VC. Despite a young age of patients, VCs were a common finding and associated with both traditional and chronic kidney disease-specific risk factors.

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