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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 946-956
Association of Urinary Vitamin D Binding Protein and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin with Steroid Responsiveness in Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome of Childhood


1 Department of Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Medha Rajappa
Department of Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry-605006
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.301201

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Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) is one of the most common kidney diseases of childhood. In this study, we assessed urine Vitamin-D binding protein (VDBP) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels as a predictor of steroid responsiveness in idiopathic NS. This cross-sectional study included children with steroid-resistant NS (SRNS) (n = 28), steroid-sensitive NS (SSNS) (n = 28), and healthy controls (n = 28). Urine levels of VDBP and NGAL were measured using a commercially available ELISA kit and normalized to urine creatinine (Cr). Urine microalbumin (MALB) was measured using nephelometer, and MALB/Cr was calculated. Urine Vitamin-D binding protein (uVDBP) and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) levels were statistically significantly higher (P < 0.001) in patients with SRNS (701.12 ± 371.64 ng/mL and 28.42 ± 15.40 ng/mL, respectively) than in patients with SSNS (252.87 ± 66.34 ng/mL and 8.86 ± 5.54 ng/mL, respectively) and normal controls (34.74 ± 14.10 ng/mL and 6.79 ± 1.32 ng/mL, respectively). Estimated glomerular filtration rate shows a significant negative correlation with MALB/Cr, uVDBP, and uNGAL. However, uVDBP and uNGAL showed a much higher discriminatory ability for differentiating SRNS from MALB/Cr. uVDBP and uNGAL at the cutoff value of 303.81 and 13.1 ng/mL, respectively, yielded the optimal sensitivity (82% and 86%) and specificity (78% and 89%) to distinguish SRNS from SSNS. Urine levels of VDBP and NGAL can predict steroid responsiveness in patients with idiopathic NS.


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