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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1263-1272
Diagnosis of iron deficiency in hemodialysis patients: Usefulness of measuring reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent

1 Department of Nephrology, Kalba Hospital, Fujairah, United Arab Emirates
2 Department of Nephrology, KhorFakan Hospital, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
3 Department of Clinical Pathology, Kalba Hospital, Fujairah, United Arab Emirates

Correspondence Address:
Dawlat Sany
Department of Nephrology, Kalba Hospital, Fujairah
United Arab Emirates
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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.308335

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The evaluation of iron status in dialysis patients provides information essential to the planning of adequate recombinant human erythropoietin treatment. To diagnose iron deficiency in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD), reticulocyte hemoglobin content and percentage of hypochromic red cells are incorporated into the European best practice guidelines on anemia management in chronic kidney disease (CKD), the mean reticulocyte hemoglobin content (Ret-HE) was proposed as alternatives to standard biochemical tests. Reticulocyte hemoglobin content and percentage of hypochromic red cells are incorporated into the European best practice guidelines on anemia management in CKD. Our aim was to assess the value of Ret-HE parameter, in terms of the sensitivity and specificity for detecting iron deficiency, in HD patients. We studied 50 patients undergoing HD three times weekly , to clarify the accuracy of Ret-HE in diagnosing iron deficiency in dialysis patients, we initially compared Ret-HE with such iron parameters as serum ferritin levels, transferrin saturation, and hypochromic red blood cell (Hypo%) which has been established as indicators of functional iron deficiency. Ret-HE mean value in anemic patients was (25.84 ± 4.23 pg) and had good correlation (P <0.001) between Ret-HE, serum iron, ferritin, transferrin, and transferin saturation in dialysis patients. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed, values of the area was 0.887, and at a cutoff value of 27.0 pg, a sensitivity of 90.4% and a specificity of 80.8% were achieved. The newly proposed Ret-HE can provide clinicians with information equivalent to iron deficiency anemia markers. Ret-HE is a new parameter that is easily measurable is suggested as reliable parameters for the study of erythropoiesis status in HD patients.

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