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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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RENAL DATA FROM THE ARAB WORLD Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 183-190
Epidemiology of End-Stage Kidney Disease on Renal Replacement Therapy: 35 Years Analysis Study Nephrologists


1 Department of Nursing, Oman College of Health Sciences, North Batinah Governorate, Oman; School of Nursing and Health Care, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
2 School of Nursing and Health Care, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
3 Department of Medicine and Nephrology, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
4 Department of Primary Care, Ministry of Health, Muscat, Oman

Correspondence Address:
Ruqiya K Al-Za abi
Department of Nursing, Oman College of Health Sciences, North Batinah Governorate

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DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.318521

PMID: 34145129

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Incidence and prevalence of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) population on renal replacement therapy (RRT) for some of the nations are well published. Oman’s publication on this aspect is limited and therefore, this study was conducted. This study analyzed the data obtained from the RRT register in Oman. The main measurements and aim are to identify the incidence and prevalence of Oman’s treated RRT population (1983–2018) with a major focus on the hemodialysis (HD) cohort. The year 1983 is the year when renal care was started in Oman. The total number of patients registered on Oman’s RRT register of the central renal dialysis center from 1983 to 2010 was 3524, distributed among the following treatment cohorts; HD, 2328 patients (66%); kidney transplant, 1,144 patients (32.5%); peritoneal dialysis, 52 patients (1.5%). However, the treated patients alive on HD by end of 2018 were 2023. The dialysis sub-population increased from 35 patients in 1983 to 2023 patients in 2018. The recorded incidence registered in 1983 was 34 patients, in 1986 was 33, in 2013 was 168, in 2015 was 230, and in 2018 was 350 RRT treated patients per million population of Oman. There is a progressive rise of the incidence and prevalence of Oman’s RRT population. This rise is similar to many nations, especially developing countries that are being faced with the rising trend of noncommunicable diseases (NCD). The health system and other stakeholders ought to take various stringent policies to ameliorate the progressive increase of NCD and hence, reduce the burden of chronic kidney disease and ESKD.


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