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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 568-573
The therapeutic dilemma in pre-transplant asymptomatic aspergilloma: A case report and review of literature

1 Department of Nephrology, Command Hospital Air Force, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Command Hospital Air Force, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Pathology, Command Hospital Air Force, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijoy Kumar Jha
Department of Nephrology, Command Hospital Air Force, Bengaluru - 560 007, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.335473

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Aspergillus species are ubiquitous, and inhalation of infectious conidia is not so uncommon. With immunosuppression, it can invade adjacent structures and lead to widespread invasive disease. There is no randomized, prospective trial for optimized treatment including the antifungal and surgical approach for aspergilloma. The available literature related to the management of asymptomatic aspergilloma in pre-renal transplant setting is scarce and debatable. Opinion favoring surgery is that it is necessary to eliminate the fungus reservoir before transplantation because of the inadequacy of pharmacological fungus control measures in immunocompromised patients. We present a case of end-stage renal disease that was planned for renal transplantation and during the workup, was detected to have asymptomatic right upper lobe aspergilloma. He underwent surgical resection of the aspergilloma before undergoing successful renal transplantation. In this case report, we will discuss this case and controversies related to its management before undergoing successful renal transplantation.

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