Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

RENAL DATA FROM ASIA - AFRICA
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1006--1010

Prevalence of proteinuria in school children (aged 12-14 years) in Kashmir valley, India, using dipstick method


Hilal Ahmad Malla1, Ashraf M Bhat1, Bashir Shazia2, Fayaz A Rather3, Saleem M Najar1, Imtiyaz A Wani1 
1 Department of Nephrology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Pathology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Cardiology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Hilal Ahmad Malla
Department of Nephrology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
India

Screening for kidney diseases by urinalysis in school children is being conducted in many parts of the world with inexpensive tools such as urinary dipsticks. We conducted this study to know the prevalence of asymptomatic proteinuria in school children (age group 12-14 years) in Kashmir valley as no previous study is available. After applying exclusion criteria, 2068 children were screened for proteinuria by dipstick method. Another test was performed in the children with abnormal findings in the first sample with dipstick of the same brand, after a period of one-month. These children were also assessed by timed urine collection (i.e., 24 h urinary protein). In the first dipstick test, the prevalence of proteinuria in the studied population was 6.2% which persisted in 2.17% after second dipstick examination. No child in the studied group was found to have glycosuria. In our study, no statistically significant association was found between proteinuria and gender, body mass index, or hypertension. In our study, the prevalence of persistent proteinuria in school children (age group 12-14 years) in Kashmir valley was almost similar to the studies conducted in different parts of the world.


How to cite this article:
Malla HA, Bhat AM, Shazia B, Rather FA, Najar SM, Wani IA. Prevalence of proteinuria in school children (aged 12-14 years) in Kashmir valley, India, using dipstick method.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2016;27:1006-1010


How to cite this URL:
Malla HA, Bhat AM, Shazia B, Rather FA, Najar SM, Wani IA. Prevalence of proteinuria in school children (aged 12-14 years) in Kashmir valley, India, using dipstick method. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Oct 18 ];27:1006-1010
Available from: https://www.sjkdt.org/article.asp?issn=1319-2442;year=2016;volume=27;issue=5;spage=1006;epage=1010;aulast=Malla;type=0