Year : 2016 | Volume
: 27 | Issue : 5 | Page : 1076--1081
Organ Donation and Transplantation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2015
|How to cite this article:|
. Organ Donation and Transplantation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2015.Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2016;27:1076-1081
|How to cite this URL:|
. Organ Donation and Transplantation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2015. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Oct 21 ];27:1076-1081
Available from: https://www.sjkdt.org/text.asp?2016/27/5/1076/190917
Increasing reporting of possible deceased donors to the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation (SCOT), by the donating hospitals, has been a major task of the organ donation program in the center. There were 629 possible deceased donors cases reported to SCOT in 2015 coming from 104 donating hospitals (90% of all hospitals with intensive care unit in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia). Four hundred (63.6%) brain-death (BD) cases were documented as potential donors. There was no significant change in the demographics of the possible reported cases. The interviews with the families of potential donors were carried out in 332 (83%) of the cases. There have been no changes concerning the age and gender of the deceased BD and causes of death this year. Meanwhile, 43% of BD caused by head trauma (88% of traffic accidents). Incidence of nontraumatic causes was 57% of the cases. It was mostly because of cerebrovascular accident (69%) and the cerebral hypoxia (27%); 62% of BD cases were under the age of 40 years. Consent for organ donation was obtained in 101 of the family approached cases this year as well as the family refusal cases of organ donation (69.6%) and the actual deceased donors were 89 cases.
Consent rate per donated organ from DBD donors increased significantly this year for most of the organs compared to last year to be 100% for kidney, 99% for liver, 97% for heart, lungs, and pancreas, 50% for corneas and 27% bones.
A total of 762 renal transplant operations were done this year in Saudi Arabia, 618 transplants were from living donors and 144 from deceased donors.
Consent for liver donation was obtained in 100 deceased brain death cases of which 65 cases were utilized to transplant 67 livers (including 2 split liver transplantation for 4 patients). Twenty three of the deceased liver transplants were done at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh, 24 at King Abdul Aziz Medical City (NGH), and 20 at King Fahd Specialist Hospital-Dammam.
Regarding liver from living donors; a total of 130 transplant operations were performed this year; 128 (98%) were from living related donors and two (2%) from living unrelated liver donor.
102 (79%) of the liver transplant operations from living donors were done at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh, 13 (10%) at King Fahd Specialist Hospital-Dammam, eight (6%) at King Abdul Aziz Medical City, and seven (5%) at Prince Sultan Military Medical City-Riyadh.
A total of 30 whole hearts were transplanted this year at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh (24 for adults and 6 for pediatrics) in addition to 17 hearts which were recovered to be used as a source for human valves; all were given to King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Riyadh.
Thirty nine (39) lungs from deceased were transplanted this year at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh, 38 were transplanted as double to 19 recipients and one was transplanted as single to another recipient to raise the total number of lungs transplanted since the inception of the program in the Kingdom to 182 lungs for 107 recipients.
Pancreas transplantation activities showed that eight pancreas were transplanted this year for adult recipients. Six at King Faisal Specialist Hospital-Riyadh (one as simultaneous kidneypancreas operation) and two at King Fahd Specialist Hospital-Dammam (one as simultaneous kidney-pancreas operation).
In this year also, 27 consents were obtained for tissue and bone donation from which 44 bones were recovered in addition to 15 musculoskeletal tissues.
There were 51 consents for cornea donation from deceased donors this year from which six were retrieved from three cases, while the remaining cases were not retrieved for medical or technical reasons.
The Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation strongly believes that there should be continuous efforts to increase the awareness of the medical community and the public in Saudi Arabia to the importance of organ donation and transplantation in order to increase the number of transplanted organs.
Organ Donation and Transplantation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia